Which is the Optimal Node.js Framework: Express.js, Koa.js or Sails.js

JavaScript, undeniably, has become of the most preferred developing languages for the frontline web developers in the recent times. It is equivalently popular amidst the backend developers as well. One of the major reasons for its increasing popularity is certainly the introduction and growth of the Node.js bringing in the significant transformation.

Node.js is one of the widely used JavaScript frameworks for developing serves and web applications. In fact, it allows the developers to build server-side of the apps in JavaScript. In this way, the developer does not have to make use of two different languages at both ends. According to a survey on web technology by W3Techs, Node.js is used by 0.3% of all the website servers.

Here in this blog we will be focusing on three Node.js frameworks that includes Express.js, Koa.js, and Sails.js. They are usually the Model View Controller (MVC) server framework that is written in JavaScript. We will analyze each of them and be familiar with their pros and cons.

Read also:  Benefits Of Node.js And Why Startups Are Switching to It?

However, going deep into the discussion about which of the framework is best, it is viable to know the functions of both MVC framework and Middleware framework.

The Function of MVC Framework

As mentioned earlier, Model View Controller (MVC), wherein the Model is based on business logic and data of the app, the view is the application User Interface (UI) and the function of the Controller is sending the message and updates between the Model and View.

Read also: Node.js Brings Revolution in App Development

MVC based frameworks can be preferred best for the enterprise-grade solutions and also support the upfront development. However, they are inflexible and one needs a lighter Node.js which can work better such as the middleware framework requiring less codes to maintain the apps.

The Role of Middleware in Web Development

Generally speaking the middleware is a kind of software that controls the flow of information between an app and the trio combination of operating system, server and the database. One of its benefits is that it accelerates the speed of application and also reduces its hanging.

Usually two kinds of middleware are built for Node.js. It includes:

  • Intermediary – the Intermediary helps in processing the requests and responses but as such it cannot control the requests. It helps to authenticate the users.
  • End Element – End Element is empowered to control the final response. However, if you want to make your application more flexible then delegating to the next level becomes quite handy. It builds the users showcasing their lists.

And now the three Node.js frameworks:

Express.js

express.js

Express.js is a minimal and flexible node.js web application based framework that has powerful features and also an array of advantages. You can develop both single as well as multiple pages including hybrid apps.

The Advantages of Express.js

  • More Stable than Others
    Node.js is not a new framework and all through these years, Express.js has become more established and stable. Its user’s forum have continuously grown larger.
  • Has Got Simple Settings
    Setting up a new project on Express.js is quite simple and easy. You just need to install some libraries by running the NPM. Only one installation is enough.
  • Express.js has a Huge User-Base
    It has been told earlier that being the mature framework, it has got the largest user base and is quite a popular node.
  • Got a Very Strong API
    It has got a very strong routing API that allows you to develop a simple web application to creating a REST API and extend it to the next level with route parameters and query strings.
  • Good Documentation
    Express.js covers each and everything. So, it is best suitable for both the beginners as well as experienced developers as it is well documented.
  • Great Diversity in Plugins
    Express.js is a framework which allows the developers to install large variety of third-party plugins so that he can sort out any problem with ease.

The Disadvantages of Express.js

As such Express.js does not have a major drawback but there are some problematic issues related to it.

  • No information on how to organize projects
    One of its disadvantages is that it goes not give any specification on how to organize a project due to its minimal and flexible framework. This can create some problems especially for the starters.
  • Tasks Cut-Out Manually
    It needs manual and labor-intensive tasks that can be time consuming as well as mess up with your app.

Koa.js

koa

Now we come to the second contender, which is Koa.js, a middleware framework according to the claims of the developers. So, first let’s glace through its specialty.

The Advantages of Koa.js

  • Generate Support from the Beginning
    Koa.js is a useful framework that gets generator support from the ground up. This means to avoid the callbacks making the codes clearer and manageable including bug protection.
  • It is extremely light-weighted
    Koa.js is strong and as light as a feather with only 550 lines of code.

The Disadvantages of Koa.js

  • Not compatible with any other Node.js
    Koa.js is making use of such generators that are not compatible with any other node.js framework including the express style middleware.

Sails.JS

sails.js

Unlike the Koa.js which is based on middleware, Sails.js is supported by the MVC framework that can help in developing a robust and useful web application.

The Pros of Sails.js

  • Free Generation of JSON API
    Sails.js offers free JSON API generation. You don’t need extra routing and data becomes available anywhere.
  • Separates Business Logic from UI
    Based on the MVC architecture, it splits business logic from UI, keeping them in different layers.
  • Well Supported Socket.io
    It has got good support for the Socket.io that helps apps to get real time interaction like chat and games.
  • Convention preferred to Configuration
    Sails.js is that framework which prefers convention over the configuration.
  • Allows you to store data anywhere
    Sails.js uses Waterline ORM at its backend allowing you to store your data anywhere or in any database.

The Cons of Sails.js

  • Sails.js is a slow framework
    Compared to others, Sails.js is slow with a huge memory.
  • Asset Management is Not Good
    Asset management in Sails.js framework has been found to be a little messy and clumsy affair.
  • Project Development is Slow and Time Consuming
    Because of its overall slowness, the project development also seems to be slow in the process and is somewhat like perpetual beta.  It also consumes a lot of time to start up.

Read also: Top Reasons Why Sails.js Is The Best Node.js Web Framework

Appropriate projects for each of the Frameworks

If we talk about what type of projects would be considered ideal for each of the frameworks, then we can categorize them within these categories.

  • Firstly, in the case of Express.js it would be advisable to choose small and medium sized projects. However, large projects are not suitable under this category. Examples include PayPal and Myspace.
  • In the case of Koa.js, you can use only substance that you want since it is mostly empty and light weight.
  • Talking about Sails.js, it is useful for building a data-heavy enterprise-grade application. The developer can create chat-rooms, multi-player games and real-time toolbars.

How to Select the Ideal Node.js Framework – Conclusion

Well, the apt answer to the above question is that it all depends upon your specific needs, business targets and the project tasks. It would be sensible to first have a fair bit of idea regarding the various Node.js frameworks before taking the final decision. Your choice should usually focus on these vital points such as:

  • Regular Updating of Latest Versions
  • Proper Scalability
  • High Performance
  • Simple Usage
  • Customization
  • Various Modules are Available
  • System Resource Loading
  • Easy Testing and Development

So, whether you opt for Express.js, Koa.js or Sails.js as the node.js framework don’t delay any further in getting in touch with the proficient and well experienced node.js developers at Mindinventory today and get optimal node.js development services within pocket-friendly prices. Give your mobile and web application an edge over others.

He is a PHP team head at Mindinventory. He has expertise in NodeJS, AngularJS, Laravel, Phonegap and Ionic. He also works as Cordova plugin developer, Web Services expert, Database engineer, Linux Operator and technical advisor. In his free time, he likes to do learn new technology related Hybrid platform.